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寒假期间儿童青少年预防近视健康科普问答系列

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2020-01-28 17: 22

寒假期间儿童青少年预防近视健康科普问答系列


1.寒假放假在家,近视发生的风险会减少吗?

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2.寒假在家视屏时间增多,预防近视应注意什么呢?

KONGZHISHIPINGSHIJIAN,XUANZEJIAODAPINGMUDIANZICHANPIN。XUELINGERTONGQINGSHAONIANYULEXINGSHIPINGSHIJIANMEITIANLEIJIBUYICHAOGUO2XIAOSHI,WEIYUFANGJINSHIDEXUYAOKONGZHIZAI1XIAOSHINEIWEIYI,BANXIAOSHIZHONGJIANXIUXI3~5FENZHONG。XIANSHANGXUEXISHIJIAN,XIAOXUESHENGMEITIANBUCHAOGUO2.5XIAOSHI,MEICIBUCHAOGUO20FENZHONG;ZHONGXUESHENGMEITIANBUCHAOGUO4XIAOSHI,MEICIBUCHAOGUO30FENZHONG。

LINGWAIXUANZEDIANZICHANPINSHIPINGMUDEDAXIAOHENZHONGYAO,YOUTIAOJIANDEQINGKUANGXIAJINLIANGXUANZEPINGMUJIAODADEDIANZICHANPIN,BINGJINLIANGYUANJULIGUANKAN。JIANYIDEYOUXIANSHUNXUWEITOUYINGYI、DIANSHI、DIANNAO、PINGBANDIANNAO,ZUIHOUWEISHOUJI,ZUIHAOXUANZEJIANGSHIPINTOUYINGDAODAPINGMUHUOLIANJIEDAOJIAODAPINGMUDEDIANSHISHANG,ZENGJIAGUANKANJULI,JINLIANGXUANZEPINGMUFENBIANLVJIAOGAODEDIANZICHANPIN,YIJIANSHAOYONGYANBUSHIHEPILAO。

3.看电视、电脑和手机有适宜的推荐距离吗?

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4.线上学习后,眼睛放松有方法吗?

XIANSHANGXUEXIQIJIAN,ZENGJIAHUODONGXINGXIUXISHIJIANBUJINKEYIFANGSONGJIEZHUANGJI、JIANHUANYANPILAO,HAIKEYIJIANHUANDANAODEPILAO、TIGAOXUEXIXIAOLV、HUANJIEJINZHANGQINGXU。JIANYIJINGCHANGQUYANGTAI、CHUANGHUDENGYOUZIRANGUANGDEDIFANG,JINLIANGZAIGUANGXIANCHONGZUSHIJINXINGSHUXIE、YUEDU,ZHONGJIANXIUXISHIJINKENENGDUOTIAOWANGYUANFANG。ZUODAO:①LIANXUSHIPINGXUEXISHIJIANCHAOGUO20~30FENZHONG,ZHISHAOHUODONGXINGXIUXI5~10FENZHONG;②SHIPINGXUEXIGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYISHIDISHAOYONGLIBIYAN、ZHENGYAN,SHANGXIAZUOYOUZHUANDONGYANQIU,FANGSONGYANJING;③XIANSHANGXUEXIZHIYUSHENZHANYAOBEI,KEZAISHINEIZOUDONG、ZUOTICAO、XIADUNYUNDONG、YANGWOQIZUODENG;QINGJIESHUANGSHOUHOUZUOYANBAOJIANCAO;LIYUCHUANGQIAN、YANGTAIHUOMENQIAN,XIANGYUANCHUTIAOWANG。

5.寒假期间天气很冷,在室内运动可以预防近视吗?

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RUYINYIQINGFANGKONGXUYAOJUJIAGELI,KETONGGUOYANGTAI、CHUANGHUHUOZIJIATINGYUAN“MU”YUYANGGUANG,JIECHUZIRANGUANGXIAN。

6.日间户外活动预防近视,有时间量要求吗?

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CONGYUFANGJINSHIDEJIAODU,RIJIANHUWAIHUODONGGUANJIANSHIHUWAI,ERBUSHIHUODONGNEIRONG、FANGSHIHEQIANGDUDENG。TONGSHI,HUWAIHUODONGYAOYINDI、YINSHIANPAI,ZHUYIANQUAN、BUCHONGSHUIFENHEBIMIANQIANGGUANGZHISHE。

7.家里的桌椅高度对视力有影响吗?

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DUIYUYOUKEDIAOSHISHUZHUOYIDEJIATING,GENJU“ZUOYUYIZI/DENGZISHANGDATUIYUXIAOTUICHUIZHI、BEITINGZHISHISHANGBEIXIACHUIQISHOUZHOUZAIZHUOMIANYIXIA3~4LIMI”DEZIWOJIANCEYUANZE,DIAOJIESHUZHUOYIGAODU。

DUIYUMEIYOUKEDIAOSHISHUZHUOYIDEJIATING,GENJUSHANGSHUZIWOJIANCEYUANZEJIAYIDIAOZHENG。RUOZHUOZIGUOGAO,ZEJINKENENGSHIYONGGAOYIDIANDEYIZI,BINGZAIJIAOXIADIANYIJIAODIAN,SHIJIAONENGPINGFANGZAIJIAODIANSHANG,DATUIYUXIAOTUICHUIZHI。ZHUOZIHUOYIZIGUOAISHI,JIANGZHUOZIHUOYIZIDIANGAO。

8.端正读写姿势很重要,家长和孩子应该怎么做?

ZUODAO“SANGEYI、BUPIANTOU”。SUOWEI“SANGEYI”JIUSHI“YIQUANYICHIYICUN”:YIQUAN,XIONGQIANYUZHUOZIJIANGEYIQUAN(YIGEQUANTOUDEJULI);YICHI,YANJINGYUSHUBENJULIYICHI(33LIMIDEJULI);YICUN,WOBISHOUZHIYAOYUBIJIANZHIJIANYICUNYUAN。HAIYAOTEBIEQIANGDIAOYIXIA“BUPIANTOU”,ZHANGQIPIANTOUKANSHU、XIEZUOYE,YIYINFADANYANJINSHI,JIAZHANGHEXIAOPENGYOUMENDOUYINGTEBIEZHUYI。

9.白天房间光线过亮或过暗有解决办法吗?

DANGBAITIANZIRANGUANGXIANGUOQIANGSHI,YISHIYONGCHUANGLIANZHEGUANG,BINGGENJUTAIYANGZHAOSHEJIAODUDIAOZHENGCHUANGLIAN。DANGBAITIANZIRANGUANGXIANBUZUSHI,YOUXIANSHIYONGFANGJIANDINGDENGZHAOMING;GUANGXIANRENGBUZUSHI,SHIYONGDUXIEZUOYETAIDENGFUZHUZHAOMING。

10.家庭夜晚学习时,照明只需要台灯就可以了吗?

BUKEYI。YEWANKANSHUXIEZIYITONGSHISHIYONGFANGJIANDINGDENGHEDUXIEZUOYETAIDENG,DUXIEZUOYETAIDENGFANGZHIZAIXIEZISHOUDUICEQIANFANG。SHIYONGSEWENKEDIAODELEDDUXIEZUOYETAIDENG,YEWANYIJIANGSEWENDIAOZHI4000KYIXIA;SEWENBUKEDIAOQIESEWENGAOYU4000KDELEDDUXIEZUOYETAIDENGBUYIZAIYEWANSHIYONG。CIWAI,BUYISHIYONGWEIDAIDENGZHAODELUODENGZHAOMING。

11.在家使用近视防控产品有用吗?

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12.寒假在家需要做眼保健操吗?

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JIECHUSHIYANBAOJIANCAO:GENJURICHANGZAIXIAOSHIDEYANBAOJIANCAOBUZHOU,GONGBAOKUOANROUZANZHUXUE、ANYAJINGMINGXUE、ANROUSIBAIXUE、ANROUTAIYANGXUEGUASHANGYANKUANG、ANROUFENGCHIXUE、ROUNIEERCHUIJIAOZHIZHUADI6JIE。ZUOYANBAOJIANCAOZHIQIANYINGJIANDUANZHIJIA,QINGJIESHUANGSHOU,BINGQUEBAORENZHENBIYAN。ZUOYANBAOJIANCAOSHIYINGZHAOZHUNZHENGQUEDEXUEWEI,SHOUFAQINGHUAN,YIQINGWEISUANZHANGGANWEIYI。

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13.偏食对视力有影响吗?

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14.睡眠行为会影响近视吗?

YANJIURENWEISHUIMIANSHIJIANYUESHAO、YEWANSHUIMIANSHIJIANYUECHIDOUHUIZENGJIAJINSHIDEFASHENGFENGXIAN。YINCI,JIANYIMEIRISHUIMIANSHIJIANXIAOXUESHENGBUSHAOYU10XIAOSHI,CHUZHONGSHENGBUSHAOYU9XIAOSHI,GAOZHONGSHENGBUSHAOYU8XIAOSHI。BIMIANWANSHUIWANQI,YANGCHENGGUILVXINGDEZUOXI。

15.保持手卫生也是视力保健行为吗?

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ZUODAOFANQIANBIANHOU、WAICHUHUIJIAHOUJISHIXISHOU,ZUOYANBAOJIANCAOQIAN、ZHAIDAIJIAOMOJIECHUJINGQIANJISHIXISHOU。SHIYONG“QIBUXISHOUFA”QINGJIESHUANGSHOU,XISHOUSHIJIANBUSHAOYU20MIAO(XIANGDANGYUCHANGLIANGBIAN《SHENGRIKUAILEGE》)。

16.家长如何尽早发现孩子近视?

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17.发现近视了,家长和孩子怎么办?

JISHIDAOYIYUANJIUZHEN,GENJUYIZHUKEXUEJIAOZHI。JINSHIYANKEYIJIAOZHENG,DANNANYIZHIYU。RUGUOFAXIANJINSHILE,YIDINGYAODIAOZHENGXINTAI,BUMIXIN,DAOZHENGGUIDEYANKEYILIAOJIGOUJIANCHA,BIYAOSHIJINXINGSANTONGYANGUANG。YISHENGHUIGENJUQINGKUANGJIYUZUIYOUDEZHILIAOFANGAN。MUQIANKEYONGYUJINSHIFANGKONGDESHOUDUANYOUPEIDAIKUANGJIAYANJING、JIAOMOSUXINGJING(SUCHENGOKJING)、DINONGDUATUOPINDIYANYEDENG,ZAIKONGZHIJINSHIJINZHANFANGMIANYOUYIDINGXIAOGUO,DANBINGBUSHIRENRENSHIYONG,XUZAIYISHENGZHIDAOXIAJINXINGXUANZEHESHIYONG,DINGQIFUCHA。TONGSHI,JINSHIERTONGQINGSHAONIANYINGGAIBIANBULIANGYONGYANXIGUAN,DUOCANJIAHUWAIHUODONG。

18.戴框架眼镜会加深近视度数吗?

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19.今年寒假期间可以去医院验光配镜吗?

GENJUYIQINGFANGKONGTAISHIERDING。DIFENGXIANDIQU,RUQUEYOUYANGUANGPEIJINGXUYAO,ZAIZUOHAOCHONGFENYIQINGFANGHUQIANTIXIA,KEZHIYIYUANJIANCHAYANJING。JIANYITIQIANLEJIEYILIAOJIGOUYANSHIGUANGKESHIJIUZHENXINXIHEPEIJINGZHONGXINKAIFANGSHIJIAN,ANYAOQIUJINXINGYUYUE,FENSHIDUANCUOFENGJIUZHEN。ZAIYANGUANGPEIJINGGUOCHENGZHONG,ERTONGQINGSHAONIANHEPEIZHENJIAZHANGZUOHAOGERENFANGHU,BIMIANRENYUANJUJI。

ZHONG、GAOFENGXIANDIQU,JIANYIZANHUANCHANGGUISHILIFUCHA、YANGUANGPEIJINGDENGJIUZHENHUODONG。

20.寒假期间,家长能为孩子预防近视做些什么?

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