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防治职业病,这几个常识你知道吗

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2019-11-25 17: 34

FANGZHIZHIYEBING,ZHEIJIGECHANGSHINIZHIDAOMA


防治职业病

WEILEXUANCHUANZHIYEBINGFANGZHIFA、JIBENYILIAOWEISHENGYUJIANKANGCUJINFA,JUJIAOZHIYEJIANKANGBAOHUXINGDONG、CHENFEIBINGFANGZHIGONGJIANXINGDONG,HAINANSHENGSHEHUIBAOXIANFUWUZHONGXINTONGGUOKAIZHANXILIEXUANCHUANJIAOYUHUODONG,PUJIZHIYEJIANKANGZHISHI,JINYIBUTIGAOGUANGDALAODONGZHEZHIYEJIANKANGYISHI,YINGZAOQUANSHEHUIGUANXINGUANZHUZHIYEBINGFANGZHIDENONGHOUFENWEI。

什么叫做职业病

ZHIYEBINGSHIZHIQIYE、SHIYEDANWEIHEGETIJINGJIZUZHIDELAODONGZHEZAIZHIYEHUODONGZHONG,YINJIECHUFENCHEN、FANGSHEXINGWUZHIHEQITAYOUDU、YOUHAIWUZHIDENGYINSUERYINQIDEJIBING。GEGUOFALVDOUYOUDUIYUZHIYEBINGYUFANGFANGMIANDEGUIDING,YIBANLAISHUO,FANSHIFUHEFALVFAGUIDEJIBINGCAINENGCHENGWEIZHIYEBING。

FADINGZHIYEBINGDEJIBENTIAOJIAN

职业病防治法的由来

完美电竞平台app下载《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOZHIYEBINGFANGZHIFA》YOUZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUODIJIUJIEQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUICHANGWUWEIYUANHUIDIERSHISICIHUIYIYU2001NIAN10YUE27RITONGGUO,ZI2002NIAN5YUE1RIQISHIXING。WEILEYUFANG、KONGZHIHEXIAOCHUZHIYEBINGWEIHAI,FANGZHIZHIYEBING,BAOHULAODONGZHEJIANKANGJIQIXIANGGUANQUANYI,CUJINJINGJIFAZHAN,GENJUXIANFA,ZHIDINGBENFA。

WOGUOFADINGZHIYEBINGYOUNAXIE

2013NIAN12YUE23RI,GUOJIAWEISHENGJISHENGWEI、RENLIZIYUANSHEHUIBAOZHANGBU、ANQUANJIANCHAZONGJU、QUANGUOZONGGONGHUI4BUMENLIANHEYINFA《ZHIYEBINGFENLEIHEMULU》。

GAI《FENLEIHEMULU》JIANGZHIYEBINGFENWEIZHIYEXINGCHENFEIBINGJIQITAHUXIXITONGJIBING、ZHIYEXINGPIFUBING、ZHIYEXINGYANBING、ZHIYEXINGERBIHOUKOUQIANGJIBING、ZHIYEXINGHUAXUEZHONGDU、WULIYINSUSUOZHIZHIYEBING、ZHIYEXINGFANGSHEXINGJIBING、ZHIYEXINGCHUANRANBING、ZHIYEXINGZHONGLIU、QITAZHIYEBING10LEI132ZHONG。

《ZHIYEBINGFENLEIHEMULU》ZIYINFAZHIRIQISHIXING。2002NIAN4YUE18RIYUANWEISHENGBUHEYUANLAODONGBAOZHANGBULIANHEYINFADE《ZHIYEBINGMULU》YUYIFEIZHI。

常见致病性职业危害

01生产性粉尘

完美电竞平台app下载YIXIEZUOYEGUOCHENGZHONG,RUCAILIAODEBANYUNSHIYONG、SHICAIDEJIAGONG、JIANZHUWUDECHAICHU、KUANGSHANKAICAIDENGJUNCHANSHENGDALIANGDEKUANGWUXINGFENCHEN,ZHANGQIXIRUZHEIYANGDEFENCHENKEFASHENGJIBING。

02有毒物品

完美电竞平台app下载ZAIYIXIEZUOYEGUOCHENGZHONG,CHANGNENGJIECHUDAODUOZHONGYOUJIRONGJI,RUFANGSHUISHIGONGZHONGCHANGCHANGJIECHUDAOBEN、JIABEN、ERJIABEN、BENYIXIDENG。ZHEIXIEYOUJIRONGJIDEFEIDIANDI,JIYIHUIFA,ZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGHUIFADAOKONGQIZHONGDENONGDUKEYIDADAOHENGAO,JIYIFASHENGJIXINGZHONGDUHESIWANGSHIGU。

ZAIJIANZHUWUDIXIASHISHIGONGSHI,YOUYUZUOYEKONGJIANXIANGDUIMIBI、XIAZHAI、TONGFENGBUCHANG,TEBIESHIZAIZHEIZHONGZUOYEHUANJINGXIAJINXINGHANJIEHUOZHEQIEGEZUOYE,HAOYANGLIANGJIDA,YOUYINQUEYANGDAOZHIRANSHAOBUCHONGFEN,CHANSHENGDALIANGYIYANGHUATAN。CONGERZAOCHENGSHIGONGRENYUANQUEYANGZHIXIHEYIYANGHUATANZHONGDU。

03噪声和振动

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04辐射

ZAILEIDAXITONG、DIANSHIHEGUANGBOFASHEXITONGDEFASHEJIFANG、SHEBEIDIAOSHIJIFANG、PINSHEGANYINGJIJIEZHIJIARESHEBEIGONGZUOCHANGSUO、SHEPINJIWEIBOZHENLIAOSHEBEICHANGSUODENGGONGZUOCHANGSUOZUOYESHI,ZHANGQICHUYUGAODIANCIFUSHEDEHUANJINGZHONG,HUISHIXUEYE、LINBAYEHEXIBAOYUANSHENGZHIFASHENGGAIBIAN。YANZHONGDEKEDAOZHIBAIXUEBINGDECHANSHENG。HAIKENENGYOUFAAIZHENGBINGJIASURENTIDEAIXIBAOZENGZHI。

完美电竞平台app下载DIANCIFUSHEWURANHUIYINGXIANGRENTIDEXUNHUANXITONG、MIANYI、SHENGZHIHEDAIXIEGONGNENG,YANZHONGDEHAIHUIYOUFAAIZHENG,BINGHUIJIASURENTIDEAIXIBAOZENGZHI。BINGYINGXIANGRENDESHENGZHIXITONG,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEINANZIJINGZIZHILIANGJIANGDI,YUNFUFASHENGZIRANLIUCHANHETAIERJIXINGDENG。TONGSHIKENENGYINGXIANGRENMENDEXINXUEGUANXITONG,BIAOXIANWEIXINJI,SHIMIAN,BUFENNVXINGJINGQIWENLUAN,XINDONGGUOHUAN,XINBOXUELIANGJIANSHAO,DOUXINGXINLVBUQI,BAIXIBAOJIANSHAO,MIANYIGONGNENGXIAJIANGDENG。

RUGUOZHUANGYOUXINZANGQIBOQIDEBINGRENCHUYUGAODIANCIFUSHEDEHUANJINGZHONG,HUIYINGXIANGXINZANGQIBOQIDEZHENGCHANGSHIYONG。

05焊接作业产生的金属烟雾

完美电竞平台app下载ZAIHANJIEZUOYESHIKECHANSHENGDUOZHONGYOUHAIYANWUWUZHI。RUDIANQIHANSHISHIYONGMENGHANTIAO,CHUKEYICHANSHENGMENGCHENWAI,HAIKEYICHANSHENGMENGYAN,FUHUAWU、CHOUYANGJIYIYANGHUATAN,ZHANGQIXIRUKEDAOZHIDIANQIGONGRENCHENFEIJIMANXINGZHONGDU。

06高温作业

完美电竞平台app下载ZHANGQIDEGAOWENZUOYEKEYINQIRENTISHUIDIANJIEZHIWENLUAN。SUNHAIZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONG。KEZAOCHENGRENTIXUTUO,HUNMISHENZHIXIUKE,YIZAOCHENGYIWAISHIGU。


职业病五大特点

1.JIECHUZHIYEBINGWEIHAIRENSHUDUO,HUANBINGSHULIANGDA;

完美电竞平台app下载2.ZHIYEBINGWEIHAIFENBUXINGYEGUANG,ZHONGXIAOQIYEWEIHAIYANZHONG;

3.ZHIYEBINGWEIHAILIUDONGXINGDA、WEIHAIZHUANYIYANZHONG;

完美电竞平台app下载4.ZHIYEBINGJUYOUYINNIXING、CHIFAXINGTEDIAN,WEIHAIWANGWANGBEIHUSHI;

5.ZHIYEBINGWEIHAIZAOCHENGDEJINGJISUNSHIJUDA,YINGXIANGZHANGYUAN。

如何进行职业病诊断?

LAODONGZHEKEYIDAOYONGRENDANWEISUOZAIDI、BENRENHUJISUOZAIDIHUOZHEJINGCHANGJUZHUDIDEZHIYEBINGZHENDUANJIGOUSHENQINGZHIYEBINGZHENDUAN,SHENQINGZHIYEBINGZHENDUANXUXIEDAIYIXIACAILIAO:

1.LAODONGZHEZHIYESHIHEZHIYEBINGWEIHAIJIECHUSHI(BAOKUOZAIGANGSHIJIAN、GONGZHONG、GANGWEI、JIECHUDEZHIYEBINGWEIHAIYINSUMINGCHENGDENG);

2.LAODONGZHEZHIYEJIANKANGJIANCHAJIEGUO;

完美电竞平台app下载3.GONGZUOCHANGSUOZHIYEBINGWEIHAIYINSUJIANCEJIEGUO;

4.ZHIYEXINGFANGSHEXINGJIBINGZHENDUANHAIXUYAOGERENJILIANGJIANCEDANGANDENGZILIAO;

完美电竞平台app下载5.YUZHENDUANYOUGUANDEQITAZILIAO。


什么是职业病鉴定?

完美电竞平台app下载ZHIYEBINGJIANDINGSHIZHIDANGSHIRENDUIZHIYEBINGZHENDUANJIGOUZUOCHUDEZHIYEBINGZHENDUANJIELUNYOUYIYIDE,XIANGZHIYEBINGZHENDUANJIGOUSUOZAIDISHEQUDESHIJIHUOSHENGJIWEISHENGXINGZHENGBUMENSHENQINGZHIYEBINGZAIZHENDUANDEGUOCHENG。

ZHIYEBINGJIANDINGSHIXINGLIANGJIJIANDINGZHI,SHEQUDESHIJIZHIYEBINGZHENDUANJIANDINGWEIYUANHUIFUZEZHIYEBINGZHENDUANZHENGYIDESHOUCIJIANDING,SHENGJIZHIYEBINGJIANDINGJIELUNWEIZUIZHONGJIANDING。


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