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关于地中海贫血的13个问答,准爸妈需要知道这些!

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2019-08-20 11: 55

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健康科普

预防出生缺陷

地中海贫血防治健康教育知识重点

01什么是地中海贫血?

DIZHONGHAIPINXUEJIANCHENGDIPIN,YOUCHENGHAIYANGXINGPINXUE、ZHUDANBAIHECHENGZHANGAIXINGPINXUE,YINZUIZAOFAXIANYUDIZHONGHAIYANANGUOJIAERDEMING。

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GENJULINCHUANGZHENGZHUANG,αDIPINYOUKEFENWEIJINGZHIXING、QINGXING(BIAOZHUNXING)、ZHONGJIANXING(JIXUEHONGDANBAIHBING,HbHBING)YIJIZHONGXING(JIHbBartTAIERSHUIZHONGZONGHEZHENG),βDIPINYOUKEFENWEIQINGXING、ZHONGJIANXINGHEZHONGXING。

02只有南方人才会有地贫吗?

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03地贫与一般贫血有什么区别?

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04SHENMESHIDIPINJIYINXIEDAIZHE?SHENMESHIDIPINHUANZHE?

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XIEDAIYOUQUEXIANDEDIPINJIYINBINGBIAOXIANZHONGZHONGDUPINXUEZHENGZHUANGDEZHONGJIANXINGHEZHONGXINGDIPINBEICHENGZHIWEIDIPINHUANZHE,LINCHUANGBIAOXIANGETICHAYIJIAODA,PINXUECHENGDUBUYI。

05地贫症状有哪些?影响日常生活与工作吗?

01静止型或轻型地贫

MEIYOUMINGXIANZHENGZHUANGHUOZHENGZHUANGQINGWEI,BUYINGXIANGRICHANGSHENGHUOYUGONGZUO,WUXUTESHUZHILIAO,DANKENENGHUIJIANGYICHANGJIYINYICHUANJIXIAYIDAI。CILEIXINGDIPINTONGCHANGYIBEIHULVE,RUOWEIJINGJIANCHA,GAILEIRENQUNBINGBUZHIDAOZIJISHIDIPINJIYINXIEDAIZHE。

02中间型地贫

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03重型地贫

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RUGUOBUJINXINGZHILIAOHUOZHILIAOBUJISHI、BUGUIFAN,HUANZHEHENNANHUODAOCHENGNIAN,DUOZAI5SUIQIANSIWANG。

06地贫会传染吗?会遗传吗?

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07地贫可以治愈吗?

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08如何进行地贫筛查?筛查结果正常可以完全排除地贫吗?

DUOSHUDIPINJIYINXIEDAIZHEMEIYOULINCHUANGZHENGZHUANG,JINBIAOXIANCHUYIXIEYICHANGGAIBIANDEXUEYEXUEBIAOXING(RUXUECHANGGUIDEMCVHEMCHDENG)。TONGGUOXUECHANGGUIJIANCHAHEXUEHONGDANBAIFENXIDENGJIANDANYIXINGDEDIPINSHAICHAFANGFAKEYIFAXIANZHEIXIEYICHANGDEXUEYEXUEZHIBIAO,JINERFAXIANDIPINKEYIHUANZHEHUOJIYINXIEDAIZHE。

RUODIPINSHAICHAJIEGUOTISHIWEIDIPINKEYI,ZEBIXUJINYIBUJINXINGDIPINJIYINJIANCE,YIQUEZHENSHIFOUWEIDIPINYIJIDIPINLEIXING。MEIGERENYISHENGZHIXUZUOCIDIPINSHAICHA,QIEYUEZAOYUEHAO,KEYIZAIHUNJIAN、YUNJIANHUOCHANJIANSHIJINXING。DIPINGAOFADIQUYEKEYIDUIXINSHENGERJIJIANKANGTIJIANZHONGFAXIANDEPINXUEHUANERJINXINGDIPINSHAICHA。

DIPINJIYINJIANCESHIQUEZHENDIPINHUANZHEHUODIPINJIYINXIEDAIZHEZUIZHIJIEYOUXIAODEJIANCEFANGFA。ZHENGCHANGRENYOU4GEαDIPINJIYIN,RUGUOZHIYOUYIGEαDIPINJIYINQUESHIHUOTUBIANWEIJINGZHIXINGDIPIN,ZHEILEIDIPINJIYINXIEDAIZHEJIHUMEIYOURENHELINCHUANGBIAOXIAN,DIPINSHAICHATONGCHANGYEJIANCEBUCHULAI,SUOYIJISHIDIPINSHAICHAJIEGUOZHENGCHANG,YEBUNENGWANQUANPAICHUZHEILEIDIPIN。

09没有任何症状还需要接受地贫筛查吗?

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10为什么夫妇一方筛查结果正常另一方还要进行地贫筛查?

夫妇双方地贫筛查结果均正常有可能孕育中重型地贫儿吗?

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11夫妇双方都是同类型地贫基因携带者可以生育健康宝宝吗?该怎么做?

DIPINZHUYAOFENCHENGαDIPINHEβDIPINLIANGLEI,FUFUDIPINHUANBINGHUOXIEDAIJIYINZHUANGKUANGBUTONGZEHUIDUIYUNYUDEBAOBAOCHANSHENGBUTONGDEYINGXIANG。DIPINNANZHIKEFANG,QIFANGKONGYUANZESHIZUZHIZHONGXINGDIPINERDECHUSHENG。

RUGUOFUFUSHUANGFANGXIEDAIDESHIBUTONGLEIXINGDEDIPINJIYIN,BUHUIYUNYUZHONGZHONGXINGDIPINER。

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12哪些孕妇需要做产前诊断?产前诊断怎么做?

FUFUSHUANGFANGQUEDINGWEITONGLEIXINGQINGXINGDIPIN(JIDIPINJIYINXIEDAIZHE),QIZIHUAIYUNYIHOU,SUOYUNYUDETAIERZHONGYOU1/4JILVSHIZHENGCHANGTAIER,1/2JILVSHITONGFUMUYIYANGDEQINGXINGDIPIN、1/4JILVSHIZHONGJIANXINGHUOZHONGXINGDIPIN。

DIPINFANGKONGDEYUANZESHIZUZHIZHONGXINGDIPINERDECHUSHENG。SUOYIRUGUOFUFUSHUANGFANGSHITONGLEIXINGQINGXINGDIPINHUOYOUZHONGXINGDIPINERSHENGYUSHI,ZAIHUAIYUNHOUYINGANZHAOZHUANKEYISHENGDEJIANYIJINZAOJIESHOUCHANQIANZHENDUAN,TONGGUOCAIJITAIERDEYICHUANWUZHI(DNA)DUITAIERJINXINGJIYINZHENDUAN,QUEDINGTAIERDEDIPINJIYINLEIXING,PINGGUTAIERCHUSHENGHOUHUANYANZHONGPINXUEDEFENGXIAN。

MUQIANCAIJITAIERYICHUANWUZHIDEFANGFAZHUYAOYOURONGMAOQUCAISHUCAIJIRONGMAOZUZHI、YANGMOQIANGCHUANCISHUCAIJIYANGSHUIXIBAO、JINGPIQIXUEGUANCHUANCISHUCAIJIQIXUEDENG。

JIANCHASHIJIANFENBIEWEI:RONGMAOQUCAISHUTONGCHANGZAIYUN10ZHOU——14ZHOUJINXING、YANGMOQIANGCHUANCISHUTONGCHANGZAIYUN16ZHOUZHIHOUJINXING、JINGPIQIXUEGUANCHUANCISHUTONGCHANGZAIYUN20ZHOUZHIHOUJINXING。RUYOUTIAOJIAN,JIANYIXINGRONGMAOQUCAISHUJINZAOZHENDUAN。

13如何预防和及早发现治疗地贫?

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ERJIYUFANGJICHANQIANYUFANG:FUFUSHUANGFANGJUNWEITONGLEIXINGDIPINJIYINXIEDAIZHE(JINGZHIXINGαDIPINCHUWAI),XUYAOZAIHUAIYUNHOUJINZAOJINXINGCHANQIANZHENDUAN,QUEDINGTAIERDIPINJIYINLEIXING,PINGGUTAIERCHUSHENGHOUHUANYANZHONGPINXUEDEFENGXIAN。DUIQUEZHENYUNYUZHONGXINGDIPINTAIERDEYUNFU,JIANYIJINZAOCAIQUGANYUCUOSHI,BIMIANZHONGXINGDIPINERCHUSHENG。

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